Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://cicy.repositorioinstitucional.mx/jspui/handle/1003/123
Influence of form of activated charcoal on embryogenic callus formation in coconut (Cocos nucifera)
LUIS ALFONSO SAENZ CARBONELL
Acceso Abierto
Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas
Development of micropropagation protocols for Cocos nucifera has progressed slowly. Activated charcoal is included in the culture medium of each protocol, mainly to prevent tissue browning. Charcoal production procedures can affect the properties of different brands. In this study, eight types of activated charcoal were evaluated for their effects on free 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid level, pH, conductivity, and osmolarity of the culture medium and on the frequency of embryogenic callus induction. Moreover, the effect of particle size of the optimum charcoal type on embryogenic callus development was also studied. Charcoal type had a significant effect on (Y3) culture medium properties. Free 2,4-D was highest in Reactivos y Productos Quı ´ micos Finos-containing medium and pH was lowest in MERCK-containing medium. Charcoal type also influenced embryogenic callus induction, with acid washed for plant cell and tissue culture-, DARCO- and United States Pharmacopeia-containing media promoting *60% embryogenic callus, but with different optimal 2,4-D concentrations. Particle size profiles varied among all charcoal types, although small particle fraction (\38 lm) was abundant in all. Use of small particle fractions produced higher frequencies of embryogenic callus (70%) than either large particle or whole charcoal fractions.
31-01-2010
Artículo
Inglés
CIENCIAS AGROPECUARIAS Y BIOTECNOLOGÍA
Appears in Collections:Artículos de Investigación Arbitrados

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