Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://cicy.repositorioinstitucional.mx/jspui/handle/1003/545
Morphological variation, management and domestication of 'maguey alto' (Agave inaequidens) and 'maguey manso' (A. hookeri) in Michoacán, México
CARMEN JULIA FIGUEREDO URBINA
Alejandro Casas
SILVIA PATRICIA COLUNGA GARCIA MARIN
Acceso Abierto
Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas
DOMESTICATION
MESCAL AGAVE
PHENOTYPIC VARIATION
PLANT MANAGEMENT
PULQUE
Agave inaequidens and A. hookeri are anciently used species for producing the fermented beverage 'pulque', food and fiber in central Mexico. A. inaequidens is wild and cultivated and A. hookeri only cultivated, A. inaequidens being its putative wild relative. We analysed purposes and mechanisms of artificial selection and phenotypic divergences between wild and managed populations of A. inaequidens and between them and A. hookeri, hypothesizing phenotypic divergence between wild and domesticated populations of A. inaequidens in characters associated to domestication, and that A. hookeri would be phenotypically similar to cultivated A. inaequidens. Methods: We studied five wild and five cultivated populations of A. inaequidens, and three cultivated populations of A. hookeri. We interviewed agave managers documenting mechanisms of artificial selection, and measured 25 morphological characters. Morphological similarity and differentiation among plants and populations were analysed through multivariate methods and ANOVAs. Results: People recognized 2-8 variants of A. inaequidens; for cultivation they select young plants collected in wild areas recognized as producing the best quality mescal agaves. Also, they collect seeds of the largest and most vigorous plants, sowing seeds in plant beds and then transplanting the most vigorous plantlets into plantations. Multivariate methods classified separately the wild and cultivated populations of A. inaequidens and these from A. hookeri, mainly because of characters related with plant and teeth size. The cultivated plants of A. inaequidens are significantly bigger with larger teeth than wild plants. A. hookeri are also significatly bigger plants with larger leaves but lower teeth density and size than A. inaequidens. Some cultivated plants of A. inaequidens were classified as A. hookeri, and nearly 10% of A. hookeri as cultivated A. inaequidens. Wild and cultivated populations of A. inaequidens differed in 13 characters, whereas A. hookeri differed in 23 characters with wild populations and only in 6 characters with cultivated populations of A. inaequidens. Conclusions: Divergence between wild and cultivated populations of A. inaequidens reflect artificial selection. A. hookeri is similar to the cultivated A. inaequidens, which supports the hypothesis that A. hookericould be the extreme of a domestication gradient of a species complex. 
2014
Artículo
Inglés
Figueredo, C. J., Casas, A., Colunga-GarcíaMarín, P., Nassar, J. M., & González-Rodríguez, A. (2014). Morphological variation, management and domestication of 'maguey alto' (agave inaequidens) and 'maguey manso' (A. hookeri) in michoacán, méxico. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 10(1) doi:10.1186/1746-4269-10-66
BIOLOGÍA Y QUÍMICA
Versión publicada
publishedVersion - Versión publicada
Appears in Collections:Artículos de Investigación Arbitrados

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